Habshan - Fujairah Pipeline

abarrelfullabarrelfull wrote on 09 Nov 2012 14:50

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The new 404 kilometre strategic 48” ADCOP Project pipeline (Habshan – Fujairah) facilities start-up activities are under way. The first tanker for export was loaded on 5th July and the performance test is targeted for the 4th quarter, 2012. The pipeline is designed to transport 1.5 million barrels of crude oil per day, with the possibility of increasing this to 1.8 mbpd through the use of drag-reducing agents.

The project has two key objectives. One is to offset the reliance on the crude oil Terminals in the Arabian Gulf, hence, reducing shipping congestion through the Straits of Hormuz. The second is to offer an export capacity on the Eastern seaboard of UAE to accommodate larger vessels, due to the relatively deep water at the location.

The pipeline is owned by the International Petroleum Investment Company, IPIC, an investment arm of the Abu Dhabi Government. The project FEED was undertaken by the Australian consultancy firm Worley Parsons and was completed by mid-2009. The main EPC contractor is China Petroleum Engineering Construction Corporation, CPECC, while the detailed engineering has been handled by the British firm Penspen. Currently IPIC are discussing a long term framework whereby, once the project facilities have been completed, tested and accepted, it will be leased to the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company, ADNOC, which has chosen ADCO to operate these facilities

The construction process has involved major engineering works, particularly on the part of the pipeline route that runs through the mountains. However, careful measures have been taken to ensure the protection of the environment and key archaeological sites

The pipeline is coated with 3 ply poly-ethylene & buried underground through the whole route in the desert & mountainous areas. However, in sabkha areas has been elevated above the sabkha, then buried. In addition, it has a leak detection system that can detect leaks while other measures, such as cathodic protection and corrosion monitoring points, have been implemented to ensure the pipeline integrity.

The pipeline starts at Mile point 21 at Habshan, where it will be tied-in to the old ADCO pipeline network to maintain Murban crude blend. It then runs across the desert eastwards turning inland to near Shawkah in southern Ra’s al-Khaimah before turning eastwards again to cross the mountains to Fujairah.

Besides the pipeline the project facilities consist mainly of a main pumping station (MPS) at Habshan, a booster pumping station (IPS) at Sweihan and a main export terminal (MOT) with its off-shore export facilities at Fujairah.

The main pumping station at Habshan consists of two buffer storage tanks of one million barrels operating capacity each, 4 booster pumps of a capacity of 375 Mbbls per day each, 5 main oil line pumps of a capacity of 375 Mbbls each & other support facilities such as instrument air, produced water, control room etc. The boosting pumping station at Sweihan consists of 5 main pumps and other support facilities such as instrument air, surge relief, control room and accommodation

The Main Oil Terminal at Fujairah consist of eight storage tanks each with a one million barrels operating capacity. 12 ship loading pumps, each with a capacity of 27,000 barrels per hour, will supply the three Single Point Moorings, SPMs, each of these having a capacity of 80,000 barrels per hour and other support facilities such as instrument air, produced water, control room etc. As is the case at Jebel Dhanna Terminal, there is also a fiscal metering system to record and check how much oil is being loaded onto each tanker.

Prior to the bringing into operation of the ADCOP Project facilities, ADCO has carried out a comparison study between Jebel Dhanna and Fujairah, using the company ILF, to look at cost benefit, risk assessment and operational constraints. The study has proposed that initially both Terminals should be operated together, to ensure that the new Fujairah facilities have bedded down and any potential teething problems that may occur have been eliminated as well as to mitigate the risks of operating one Terminal. It also proposed a split flow operating philosophy with an optimum flow rate above 1 metre per second to maintain the pipeline integrity. This arrangement will offer ADCO Shareholders the flexibility to lift from either Terminal.

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